One of the oldest cities of Iran, with desert architecture, an important Zoroastrian center since Sassanian time that has kept Fire Temple and Dakhmehs (Towers of Silence), a prosperous city standing at the cross - roads of the most important caravan routes from central Asia and India to the south and West has the name of Yazd . Marco polo, who came here on his way to China in 1212, called it "The Good and Noble City of Yazd"nBecause of generations of adaptations to its desert surroundings, Yazd has an unique Persian architecture. It is nicknamed the city of wind catchers because of its ancient wind catchers. Hamadan Hamadān (Old Persian: Haŋgmetana, Ecbatana) is the capital city of Hamadan Province of Iran. Hamadan is believed to be among the oldest Iranian cities and one of the oldest in the world. It is possible that it was occupied by the Assyrians in 1100 BCE; the Ancient Greek historian, Herodotus, states that it was the capital of the Medes, around 700 BCE. Hamadan has a green mountainous area in the foothills of the 3,574-meter Alvand Mountain, in the midwest part of Iran. The city is 1,850 meters above sea level. The special nature of this old city and its historic sites attract tourists during the summer to this city, located approximately 360 kilometres (220 miles) southwest of Tehran. The main symbols of this city are the Ganj Nameh inscription, the Avicenna monument and the Baba Taher monument.
Most highlighted attractions in Yazd
Alexander's prison is located next to the tourist office in the old town of Yazd. The structure dates back to the 15th century and its name comes from the claim that it was built by Alexander the Great as a prison for some Persian protesters. Next to it lies the Tomb of the 12 Imams, an 11th century brick building containing inscriptions with the names of the twelve Imams, although none are actually buried there.
Zoroastrian Fire Temple
A fire temple in Zoroastrianism is the place of worship for Zoroastrians, often called dar-e mehr (Persian) or agiyari (Gujarati).In the Zoroastrian religion, fire, together with clean water, are agents of ritual purity. Clean, white "ash for the purification ceremonies [is] regarded as the basis of ritual life," which "are essentially the rites proper to the tending of a domestic fire, for the temple [fire] is that of the hearth fire raised to a new solemnity". For, one "who sacrifices unto fire with fuel in his hand [...], is given happiness". As of 2010, there were 50 fire temples in Mumbai, 100 in the rest of India, and 27 in the rest of the world.
Yazd, “the desert bride” is one of the cultural and historical cities in Iran with an important position in Iran tourism. Shamad (thin cotton blankets), Talâ (gold), Termeh (The Luxurious Persian Hand-woven Fabric), Ceramics and Pottery and Copper are the most famous handicrafts of this beautiful city in the heart of desert. Qutab, Pashmak, Baqlava and special Yazdi cake are also the most delicious edible souvenirs of this region.