Shiraz, if drawn is a miniature and if describe is a piece of poetry. Both in drawing and in poetry, Shiraz is replete with flowers and nightingales. Shiraz is famous for heavenly gardens, eloquent poets, pleasant weather, and easy –going people. It is the major city of Fars/Pars province with Persian language, Persian Gulf, Persians and even the old name of Iran, i.e. Persia, are all associated. Shiraz is a vibrant city in the spring and in April and May the fragrance of citrus blossoms haunts the visitors; that is why May 5th is the day of Shiraz.
Shiraz most highlighted attractions
Persepolis, meaning “City of Parseh”, was ceremonial capital of Achaemenid Empire ruling the Middle East and territories beyond it from 550 to 330 BCE. The Royal palace was to be a symbol of greatness, glory, and a center for various festivals and celebrations, especially Nowruz, i.e. New Year, and for receiving the envoys from other nations.
Derived from the name of major Persian tribe, meaning “the throne of parse”, a splendid monument from Achaemenid Empire (330-350 BCE), Pasargadae is another testament to the magnificence of such ancient world power ordered to be built by Cyrus the Great (559-529 BCE), the founder of Achaemenid Dynasty. The rock tomb of Cyrus the Great is the significant monument remained in Pasargadae.
Consisting of a Hammam, Mosque, and Bazzar together with Arg-e-Karim Khan Zand (a citadel) and Pars Museum, Vakil Complex mostly dates back to Zand dynasty – Karimkhan reign, 18th century – having spectacular architecture and almost inimitable structure.
Eram garden together with the building inside were built during the middle of 19th century by the paramount chief of Qashqai tribes of Pars. The original quadripartite layout of the garden, like all Persian gardens, is known to be laid in the 18th century.
As one the of the most beautiful mosques in Iran, Nasir-al-Mulk mosque was constructed in 1876 taking 12 years to be completed, Different designs, colors, and patterns have made the mosque inimitable especially the uncommon application of pink color in its decoration together with one-of-its-type tilework and Mugharnas work, i.e. corbel.
Tomb of Hafez
Known of poetry, Hafez, one of the greatest Iranian poets (1325-1389), is buried in heavenly garden referred to as Hafeziyeh, in the hearth of Shiraz. Due to the sophistication and complexity inherent in his poems, it was and still is, difficult to understand whether he was a pious mystic eulogizing divinity or romantic poet lauding worldly love. The design and construction of the tomb was carried out by the French archeologist and architect, Andre Godard, in 1935.
Tomb of Sa’di
Abu-Muhammad Muslih al-Din bin Abdollah Shirazi (1210-1291), international known as Sa’di, one of the most famous Iranian poets, peacefully rests in his eternal home in a beautifully designed blue-domed mausoleum. From among his works, Golestan (in prose), and Boustan (in verse) are matchless on terms of eloquence, wisdom, and sagacity in Persian literature.
The ancient city of Shiraz has been host of art and culture lovers since long time ago. This amazing city is famous for its fragrant souvenirs such as Khatam, Silver objects and dishes, Glassblowing, Ceramic dishes and objects and Wood carving. Shiraz has also very popluar local sweets like Masqati, Faloodeh, Youkhe and Candied almonds (Badam Sookhteh).