Niavaran Palace Tehran

Niavaran Palace Tehran

Introduction
The cultural and historical complex of Niavaran is situated in a great garden in an eleven hectare area, with historical and natural attractions. The monuments of this complex belong to the Qajar and the Pahlavi eras.
At the beginning the Qajar rulers used this place for their summer resort. Fath Ali Shah Qajar instructed building of a garden in the Tehran outskirts. This garden was built near the “Gordevey’ or “Gordebeh’ village which was situated in today’s Niavaran. This garden was built on the reed-bed (neyzar) place. This garden was called “Neyavaran” which later became famous as Niavaran. Mohammad Shah as well erected a small building in this garden. Following him Naser ed din Shah erected the Sahebqaranieh Palace in this garden. The last building which was built in this garden is famous as Kooshk Ahmad Shahi.
During the reign of Pahlavi II, some of the small monuments of this garden were ruined and the Niavaran Palace was built with a modern style for the residence of the Shah and his family members. Presently, the palace area consists of Niavaran Palace, Sahebqaraniyeh Palace, Kooshk Ahmad Shahi, small gardens and special Pahlavi school.

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